Python Time Milliseconds

This method will walk you through creating a custom time format to show time with milliseconds in Excel. Python: equivalent to Java toString() In Java, overrides toString() method in the your class can change the textual representation of the object. The value can be either a pyspark. The user who had to endure the download delay spent only 1% of her total viewing time within this space. datetime – Get current time in milliseconds in Python? – Stack Overflow. It basically adds a delay to the. Recommended Python Training – DataCamp. For example, to sleep for 400 millisecond use time. A microsecond is equal to 1000 nanoseconds or 1 / 1,000 of a millisecond. With python time module you can't get microseconds with %f. Millisecond Remarks. I love the passion, and the "new" factor TED brings to me :) I was watching this presentation for Simon Sink and someone I know downloaded the video but wasn't able to view the translation locally, so I thought I might be able to download the translations for him and convert them to SRT format to be able to display them on any Video Player. Known issues. Try hard to make tests that run fast. ## # Python's program to get time in milliseconds. Compatible with all major 3rd party market data analysis software. In this article, you will learn to convert datetime object to its equivalent string in Python with the help of examples. How to Display the Date and Time using Python Published: Thursday 22 nd December 2016 If you ever have the need to print out and display the date and time in any of your Python projects, it turns out the code for executing those actions is very simple. An array is a data structure that stores values of same data type. Python timedelta is representing the duration the difference between two dates, times, or datetime objects. MNE Python to See the Brain at a Millisecond Time Scale | SciPy 2017 | Alexandre Gramfort Python for MATLAB Users, Using Python for real-time signal analysis. These are predefined pieces of functionality in the Python library that let me manipulate dates and times. It has both a Command-Line Interface as well as a callable one. sleep() is the equivalent to the Bash shell's sleep command. Months are counted from zero (yes, January is a zero month). %M Minute as a decimal number [00,59]. Introduction. milliseconds am/pm within SQL May 05, 2011 11:24 AM | frez | LINK As mentioned, you do the formatting on your page, you want to hold the data as a datetime in the database and in variables in your code and just present it in the appropriate format, otherwise you can get into trouble with. This calls the API using an AJAX/JSONP request which then auto-selects a time zone for the user from the dropdown. You can vote up the examples you like or vote down the ones you don't like. I have tried both the system variable %DateTime and %Time functions. Python comes with a timestamp object named datetime. In Python, there are three modules to process time, they are time, datetime, and calendar. When you call gettimeofday it gives you the number of seconds since EPOCH too, so you don't need to call time again. A humble request Our website is made possible by displaying online advertisements to our visitors. Reposurgeon itself is about 50% translated, with pretty good unit-test coverage. Current version on PyPI Say Thanks!. Java Program to Convert Milliseconds to Minutes and Seconds In the above program, you'll learn to convert milliseconds to minutes and seconds individually, and together in Java. Python time sleep has a use for add dealy of program execution. If you just want the total time in the current day then you need to get the time at 12:00 AM and subtract it from the current date time and then apply the Ticks method and then apply the TotalMilliseconds method to that which will return the total milliseconds just for today as can be seen from the code snippet. Despite a millisecond being a thousandth of a second, given the number of seconds provided by the time module, he does have to *multiply* by a thousand to get the number of milliseconds. Meeker figures this is a $22 Billion opportunity and needless to say tech entrepreneurs took notice as well. You may have to run the algorithms several times to get a measurable amount of time. A program that waits for even a few milliseconds will consume very little processor time. Programmatic Advertising and Marketing. ##Date and Time Data Types and Tools from datetime import datetime now = datetime. This turns out to be surprisingly non-straightforward, but not impossible on any major platform. a clock with the highest available resolution to measure a short duration. While python lists can contain values corresponding to different data types, arrays in python can only contain values corresponding to same data type. If the cursor is a raw cursor, no such conversion occurs; see Section 10. time function(as a floating point value). The millisecond is a multiple of the second, which is the SI base unit for time. The standard library one is already talked about in Baishampayan Ghose Answer. This module provides a simple way to time small bits of Python code. Join Coursera for free and transform your career with degrees, certificates, Specializations, & MOOCs in data science, computer science, business, and dozens of other topics. Wang Zheng 1,250,424 views. raw download clone embed report print text 22. py deploy production - to configure and deploy your code, and after that, you never have to worry about it again. I want to calculate the time difference between two events in C++ in milliseconds. You can convert between seconds, milliseconds, microseconds, nanoseconds, days, hours, weeks, months, and years. Or you may want to do something related like round a fdatetime difference up or down, e. The SimpleDateFormat class helps in formatting and parsing of data. This module provides a function— uptime. It is pretty easy to find help on that by searching DateTime format. Python program to convert time from 12 hour to 24 hour format Given a time in 12-hour AM/PM format, convert it to military (24-hour) time. ToString(), include the hours, minutes, and seconds of a time value but exclude its milliseconds component. im in a basketball team n my coach asked me to make a scoreboard program for the huge screen we have (he knows im the only one from the team that does some programming) im using Visual Basic 2008. Essentially, as the name implies, it pauses your Python program. - jfs Apr 18 '15 at 17:36. To the operating system, time. Control of when code gets executed is made possible by the time module that comes with the standard Python library. First let us revisit the Grid or Web Service programming model. 5, not sure what I'm missing -- probably some newbie syntax issue:. Timer objects are used to represent actions that needs to be scheduled to run after a certain instant of time. What is a microsecond (μs)? A microsecond is a unit of time. You can convert between seconds, milliseconds, microseconds, nanoseconds, days, hours, weeks, months, and years. Without job source counting, the total runtime decreases from 3. I need to use Python's strftime rarely enough that I can't remember it off the top of my head and never bookmark it but often enough to be annoyed with having to Google "python strftime" and then find the table above in the Python documentation. It is slightly less accurate than the pygame. 25 Mar 2013 If you call python. This is a simple tool to measure your reaction time. Converting string numbers in a Python list to integers. There are 0. Python Forums on Bytes. 2013-03 -25T14:48:40. Previous Next In this tutorial, we will see how to convert datetime to String object. 12 SET supports a set of options that modify its behavior: EX seconds-- Set the specified expire time, in seconds. [RESOLVED] Milliseconds using ColeDateTime According to MSDN, ColeDateTime has resolution of 1 millisecond but when I try to use add 0. How do I get the current Unix time in milliseconds (i. To get strftime function use in the program you need to import time or datetime module in the program. The equivalent in Python is __str__ and __repr__. Therefore, it becomes very essential to record and track this component. We used two modules for this- random and numpy. It is the primary time standard by which the world regulates clocks and time. python time series. If this is not possible I need the extra write statement for just the microseconds (millisecond if possible). This module provides an implementation of the heap queue algorithm, also known as the priority queue algorithm. Database no longer returns an instance of Collection for attribute names with leading underscores. The typical UtcNow APIs (as opposed to high performance counters which are designed for measuring time differences) increment the time every 0. Second ' Millisecond gets 11. About the test. In Python, the datetime module can be used to get date and time. Any object of date, time and datetime can call strftime() to get string from these objects. The library implements the standard DB API 2. How to: Display Milliseconds in Date and Time Values. 3) seconds are optional. To convert it to milliseconds, you need to multiply it with 1000 and round it off. X, please continue using the 1. Python Exercises, Practice and Solution: Write a Python program to convert the date to datetime (midnight of the date) in Python. Scenario 1: Server time zone is the same as the input string time zone (AEST) This is the easier scenario. Enable inference of types from column names and/or from column types. What is difference between class and interface in C#; Mongoose. See also Tim Peters' introduction to the "Algorithms" chapter in the Python Cookbook, published by O'Reilly. Millisecond); The problem is that the time stamp portion after the last decimal point that separates seconds from milliseconds has four digits instead of three. Edit: this will give you it in seconds as a float. Python has defined a module, “time” which allows us to handle various operations regarding time, its conversions and representations, which find its use in various applications in life. Inserting datetime with milliseconds in SQL Server. GitHub Gist: instantly share code, notes, and snippets. time() -- return current time in seconds since the Epoch as a float. Syntax : datetime. time() - comp. Usually we display time in in 12 hour format hh:mm:aa format (e. In order to use this method to sleep for milliseconds, you just use a fractional number. raw download clone embed report print text 22. While python lists can contain values corresponding to different data types, arrays in python can only contain values corresponding to same data type. We pay almost a full second of execution time over 1000 messages to count how many jobs come from each node in the cluster. be able to resolve time to the millisecond, I think. Using timeit. Time deltas represents durations, which internally store the number of days, seconds and microseconds. The syntax is as follows import time time. The first number is frequency in Hz, the second is duration in milliseconds, and the third is delay in milliseconds between this and the next tone in the sequence. Since these functions use the Windows API's QueryPerformanceCounter and QueryPerformanceFrequency functions, as-written, they work for Python in Windows only. Join Coursera for free and transform your career with degrees, certificates, Specializations, & MOOCs in data science, computer science, business, and dozens of other topics. You can use now() function of datetime python module. The second has historically been defined as 1/60 of a minute or 1/86,400 of a day. HOT QUESTIONS. So any date is the number of milliseconds passed since January 1, 1970, 00:00:00 GMT and the Date class provides a constructor which can be used to create Date from milliseconds. Try using a later UTC time for your test. This is good but there is something annoying: the milliseconds or the fraction that gets printed by default. According to this article (under Timing on Windows), no, because the OS timer tick is only 64 times per second (Windows XP). Pythom time method time() returns the time as a floating point number expressed in seconds since the epoch, in UTC. A millisecond is converted to 1000 microseconds. See the Package overview for more detail about what’s in the library. One thing that I have a hard time enduring while doing Python code reviews, is people writing utility code that is not directly tied to the core of their business. There are similar tools on other platforms. The Time Complexity page on the Python Wiki gives a good idea of how long certain operations take. Converting a String to a Boolean in Python. If t is not provided, the current time as returned by localtime() is used. They are extracted from open source Python projects. You can put float number in sleep() function. 0 AllegroGraph Server: General Changes Rfe16197 - Fix "UPI is not present in string dictionary" error during import. Python time. For instance, people who don’t care about Python specifically like main post is tagged with. Milliseconds to seconds conversion charts are also available for your convenience. QuadPart - tapStartTime. In the metric system, "milli" is the prefix for 10-3. LocalTime class, and use its now() method:. com except developers get tested by senior developers before being put in front of companies. On other platforms, you should only use clock to get CPU time. James Pacino wrote:oooo, change it to convertMillis. While date and time arithmetic is supported, the focus of the implementation is on efficient attribute extraction for output formatting and manipulation. One of them is time which return number of seconds since the epoch. timeptr Pointer to a tm structure that contains a calendar time broken down into its components (see struct tm). since they reflect the actual time used by the program, and can be more precise than the values from time(). import time; ms = time. Python time sleep function is used to add delay in the execution of a program. python time machine github. You can stop time or halt program for a Second or Milliseconds using time. There is another function we have not used yet called total_seconds(). Mar 8 · 5 min read. If you need dateutil for Python 2. That gives a deprecation period from the release of Python 2. To convert it to milliseconds, you need to multiply it with 1000 and round it off. 5X10 milliseconds = 5 milliseconds). A millisecond is one thousandth of a second. Can use ctime with two time() calls, then difference() them. [RESOLVED] Milliseconds using ColeDateTime According to MSDN, ColeDateTime has resolution of 1 millisecond but when I try to use add 0. It is straightforward to use, readily extensible, and records robustly on the time scale of weeks. The native C ctime() function conforms to the C standard when it run on flatform. 【送料無料】レディコレクションスワロフスキーorologio donna didofa flowers collection df3020 didof fiori glitter swarovski,【送料無料】orologio donna morellato sensazioni maglia milanese r0153142521 watch blu oro,【送料無料】mouvement montre mcanique ancienne baume amp; mercier f2603. This module provides a function— uptime. They are extracted from open source Python projects. The datetime module is important to understand, because you will be working with dates and times in just about every. Dim millisecond As Integer = moment. Python gives you three classes for working with dates and times: the date, time and datetime classes. Multiplying this by 1000 will give you the timestamp in milliseconds. Milliseconds, minutes, hours and weeks are the rest of the attributes timedelta exposes. hi folks, I'm trying to get milliseconds or microseconds within Python, for Spotfire 6. In reed switch terms, I need to know how long (in milliseconds) between when the circuit is broken the first time, and when the circuit is broken the second time. An array is a data structure that stores values of same data type. Python provides a handy method called Sleep( ) which is part of time module. python: UTC to local daylight savings time. A humble request Our website is made possible by displaying online advertisements to our visitors. I want to calculate the time difference between two events in C++ in milliseconds. The datestr function returns a character array with m rows, where m is the total number of datetime values in t. When it was time to make a trade, alerts were automatically. What is Inquisit? If you have arrived at this page, you have likely either participated in a research study, or you are considering doing so. You may have to run the algorithms several times to get a measurable amount of time. The following will calculate elapsed time in milliseconds and seconds for a given sample rate and time (entered in seconds). ctime() is equivalent to time. time() * 1000)) print(ms) Email This BlogThis! Share to Twitter Share to Facebook Share to Pinterest. clock() returns the actual time since it was first called. Labels: python, time. A program that waits for even a few milliseconds will consume very little processor time. The orderdate1 column is of TIMESTAMP datatype, which does not use Daylight Saving Time information and thus does not adjust for the change that took place in the 8-hour interval. run_direct (**kwargs) ¶. Time in milliseconds using Date class: 1508484583259 Time in milliseconds using Calendar: 1508484583267 Getting time in milliseconds in Java 8: 1508484583331 2. Modules dealing with date and time in Python; The time module. In this tutorial. Use the below formula, calculator, and chart to find the exact settings you need for any tempo. That's because it locks up the program and as you see, prevents tkinter from updating the GUI. Date and time in JavaScript are represented with the Date object. Other data structures implemented in Python, or simpler types like integers and floats, don’t have that protection. It is straightforward to use, readily extensible, and records robustly on the time scale of weeks. You can't use time. Second ' Millisecond gets 11. Once the time module is imported, you can use the time. This site provides the current time in milliseconds elapsed since the UNIX epoch (Jan 1, 1970) as well as in other common formats including local / UTC time comparisons. So, what I'm doing here is telling the Python interpreter that from the datetime standard module that comes with the standard library, I want to import the date, time, and datetime classes. So, if you use the statement, time. To show the milliseconds in the time we include “SSS” in the pattern which displays the Milliseconds. You can use mktime() function from the time module. Can use ctime with two time() calls, then difference() them. There are probably about ten different python packages out there that accomplish some part of this goal, but there is nothing that is totally comprehensive. How do I get my Python program to sleep for 50 milliseconds? can also using pyautogui as. Join Coursera for free and transform your career with degrees, certificates, Specializations, & MOOCs in data science, computer science, business, and dozens of other topics. But the strftime in time module is a function, which takes time value to be formatted from argument, and which must be a 9-tuple returned by gmtime or localtime. reference time - the current tick count is merely an opaque token allowing you to measure elapsed times up to the duration of the tick counter's overflow period. "Python tricks" is a tough one, cuz the language is so clean. The hour is a period of time equal to 1/24 of a day or 60 minutes. Python, at least version 2. However, the interval that a timer is initialized with might not be the actual instant when the action. This PEP describes a proposed logging package for Python's standard library. Odoo is a suite of open source business apps that cover all your company needs: CRM, eCommerce, accounting, inventory, point of sale, project management, etc. How to: Display Milliseconds in Date and Time Values. The API is hosted under the /api route on the MLflow tracking server. This module provides a simple way to time small bits of Python code. 0 is out! Ported to Python 3, by Brian Jones. How to convert the time. We used two modules for this- random and numpy. sleep(N) The time. The Invalid Date part comes from the fact that the first date is constructed using a string. A combination of a date and a time. clock() returns the actual time since it was first called. Millisecond is a time measurement unit with the symbol of ms, which is equal to a one thousandth of a second. You can get the time in seconds using time. extracting milliseconds from time_t If this is your first visit, be sure to check out the FAQ by clicking the link above. A duration expressing the difference between two date, time, or datetime instances to microsecond resolution. Several date to millisecond calculators, useful when coding countdown timers, cookie expiration settings or other date related scripts. In both, time. As they say, "What you don't measure, you don't know, even when you think you do. Python, at least version 2. The millisecond is a multiple of the second, which is the SI base unit for time. Time to make it public and official. Add [:-3] to the end to drop the last 3 digits so that it is only displaying milliseconds. combine (date, time) ¶ Return a new datetime object whose date components are equal to the given date object’s, and whose time components and tzinfo attributes are equal to the given time object’s. time() to normal datetime format in linux? [closed] Ask Question From the looks of your code I assume that you are using this for a python. This module provides a function— uptime. datetime, so you need to add it directly to update_Dt and after that use. The Python 2. %M Minute as a decimal number [00,59]. If the CPU actually used is faster than the baseline, the CPU milliseconds can be larger than the actual clock time defined. And change your class name to ConvertMillis (see here - although I don't agree with everything in it myself - or here, to get it from the horse's mouth). I can control to have it with/without milliseconds and microseconds. 2013-03 -25T14:48:40. Time Code with Microsecond Conversion. Database no longer returns an instance of Collection for attribute names with leading underscores. The float type enables you pausing the execution of thread more precisely. Also, it's harder to generate multiple different fixtures to feed your functions without that fixture generation effecting the times. 7 being the final release of Python 2, it was agreed upon that the maintenance period would be extended for a substantial period. Python OPC-UA Documentation, Release 1. The underlying hardware has a much finer resolution (as shown by the clock_gettimer call), but the resolution of the system call used by Python's time module on Unix is exactly 1us. sleep(1), this creates a time delay of 1 second. A week is converted to 7 days. You have a race condition, you are retrieving the time thrice, which. You can convert between seconds, milliseconds, microseconds, nanoseconds, days, hours, weeks, months, and years. The following are code examples for showing how to use time. The OP asked for "time since the epoch, in milliseconds", this is an answer on how to add zero's to a string. The syntax is as follows import time time. 25 KB download clone embed report print text 22. You may have to run the algorithms several times to get a measurable amount of time. And later on this reaction time , should be saved in a file with the response of the stimulus. 【送料無料】レディコレクションスワロフスキーorologio donna didofa flowers collection df3020 didof fiori glitter swarovski,【送料無料】orologio donna morellato sensazioni maglia milanese r0153142521 watch blu oro,【送料無料】mouvement montre mcanique ancienne baume amp; mercier f2603. Changed in version 3. Python Exercises, Practice and Solution: Write a Python program to convert unix timestamp string to readable date. In addition to measuring your reaction time, this test is affected by the latency of your computer and monitor. import pyautogui pyautogui. delay() function. Time a Python Function with Arguments. f – a Python function, or a user-defined function. The syntax is as follows import time time. Create a new Time instance from a float seconds value (same as Python's time. The Invalid Date part comes from the fact that the first date is constructed using a string. If date is a datetime object, its time components. To time a block of code, store this value before executing, then store it again afterwards. reduces research time, the WRDS Cloud for executing research and strategy development, and the WRDS client server using PCSAS, Matlab, Python and R. Using module time. This total number of milliseconds is the elapsed milliseconds since timestamp or unix epoch counting from 1 January 1970. DateString = datestr(t) converts the datetime values in the input array t to text representing dates and times. Well you need to tell us which Operating system and compiler you're using, if you want to do sub-second timing. Wait provides some time interval between actions performed like locating element or any other operation with the element. One of them is time which return number of seconds since the epoch. Efficient Alpha Blending using OpenCV (C++) The above code is very clean, but not as efficient as it can be. When we ingest API data, the query URI string often takes Unix epoch time (or Unix time) in order to specify the datetime range. In the previous tutorials we learned about how tf keeps track of a tree of coordinate frames. sleep( time_in_seconds ) Where time in seconds can be an int or float type. "Return the time as a floating point number expressed in seconds since the epoch, in UTC. Line by line explanations of how things work in Python Wednesday, July 16, 2014 How to convert a datetime stamp in YYYYMMDD HH:MM:SS format to a datetime object. Let’s say, you have datetime as input and you want to convert it string to display it. By incorporating the ANSI time_t data type, the CTime class provides all the functionalities discussed above in section 1. However, sometimes you need to view data as it moves through time — […]. MNE Python to See the Brain at a Millisecond Time Scale | SciPy 2017 | Alexandre Gramfort Python for MATLAB Users, Using Python for real-time signal analysis. The first type of time is called CPU or execution time, which measures how much time a CPU spent on executing a program. This tree changes over time, and tf stores a time snapshot for every transform (for up to 10 seconds by default). The frequency (f) is the reciprocal of the period (T) : f = 1/T. Time Zone %Zname %Zname. Python time sleep has a use for add dealy of program execution. Time as we know is represented by several components, some of which are numerical such as seconds, minutes and hours while others are strings such as timezone, AM and PM. timetuple())). April 8, 2008 at 1:11 am 25 comments. Time Series in Pandas and Python We could define a Pandas Series, which is built with an index consisting of time stamps. 0, which contained a few relatively small but significant changes that were not backward compatible with the 2. How do I convert a string such as x=’12345′ to an integer (int) under Python programming language? How can I parse python string to integer? You need to use int(s) to convert a string or number to an integer. In Java, overrides toString() method in the your class can change the textual representation of the object. - jfs Apr 18 '15 at 17:36. Be aware that Unix time is the number of seconds since January 1, 1970 for UTC/GMT while Excel uses the number of days and fractions of the day for the local time zone. The Gremlin is always fundamentally the same aside from syntactical differences that might be language specific - e. The execution time of the script will be. > machine, time. Although explained in the post, not an answer to the question. Pythom time method strftime() converts a tuple or struct_time representing a time as returned by gmtime() or localtime() to a string as specified by the format argument. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: